“Validity” of Vittorio Guidano in the psychotherapy of the twenty-first century

  • Adele De Pascale Aggregate Professor of Clinical Psychology, Farmacy and Medicine Faculty, Dept. of Medical Surgical Sciences and Biotecnologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8172-0111
Palabras clave: Post-rationalism, cultural psychology, evolutionary epistemology, mentalism, affective development, contextualization, sequentialization

Resumen

The main purpose of this article is to mention the most important Guidano’s approach contributions to modern psychotherapy and psychopathology. In his cultural and interpretative psychology, rooted in evolutionary epistemology, the mind is the link between the individual and his biology, the external world, and his story. Beginning from the emergence of mentalism among primates, Guidano offers a new explanation of psychosis and psychopathology, for understanding and for curing, based on the integration of three levels of self-meaning: individual, familial, and social. With contextualization, a phylogenic way of remaining connected with the group, as the ontogenic way of child developing that takes place in the family context, through the attachment bonds, it becomes possible to  put in sequence the personal experience and integrate it inside the self,  to maintain life coherence and continuity. Both psychotherapy and psychiatry are in need of a plausible theory of mind that is able to offer an understanding of basic inherited human feelings, language and meanings as evolutionary tools that are necessary for a functioning health human: the mind and the brain are the same thing. The primacy  of affect during the evolution of brain-mind suggests that therapies need a clear vision and knowing of affective human life and what we need is a complete integration of every therapeutic tradition,  having  the primacy of affective development as the core

Citas

Alleva E., & Branchi, I. (2011). An evolutionary perspective for contemporary psychiatric research. Riv Psichiatr, 46(5- 6), 288-91.

Balbi, J. (2004). La mente narrativa. Barcelona, Spain: Paidos.

Bocchi, G., & Ceruti M. (1985). La sfida della complessità. Milano, Italy: Feltrinelli.

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss. Vol 1. Attachment. London, United Kingdom: Hogarth Press.

Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss. Vol. 2. Separation. Anxiety and anger. London, United Kingdom: Hogarth Press.

Bowlby, J. (1977). The making and breaking of affectional bonds. New York, NY: Routledge.

Bowlby, J. (1980). Attachment and loss. Vol. 3. Loss, sadness, and depression. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Bruner, J. (1986). Actual minds, possible worlds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bruner, J. (2004). The narrative creation of self. In L. Angus, & J. Mcleod (Eds.), The handbook of Narrative and Psychotherapy: Practice, Theory, and Research (p.3-14). California, CA: Sage.

Bruner, J., & Kalmar D. (1998). Narrative and metanarrative in the construction of Self. In M. Ferrari, & R. Sternberg (Eds.), Self-awareness (p.308-331). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Campbell, D. (1974). Evolutionary epistemology. La Salle, PA: Schilpp.

Cirulli, F., Berry, A., & Alleva, E. (2003). Early disruption of the mother-infant relationship: effects on brain plasticity and implications for psychopathology. Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 27(1-2), 73-82.

Cutolo, G. (2011). L’approccio psicoterapeutico postrazionalista alle psicosi [Psychotherapeutic postrationalist approach to psychosis]. Riv Psichiat, 46(5-6), p.326-331.

Cutolo, G. (2014). La comprensibilità della psicosi: entra l’osservatore. In A. Quiñones, P. Cimbolli, & A. De Pascale (Eds.), La psicoterapia dei processi di significato personale dei disturbi psicopatologici. Manuale teorico-pratico. Roma, Italy: Alpes.

Cutolo, G., De Pascale A., & Cimbolli, P. (2017). Cambiamento e psicosi. Contestualizzazione e sequenzializzazione dell’esperienza. Act XVIII Convegno di Psicologia e Psicopatologia Post-razionalista, Ancona, Italy.

Damasio, A. (1999). The feeling of what happens. Body and emotion in the making of consciousness [Emozione e coscienza]. New York, NY: Harcourt.

Davidson, R. J., Fox, N. A., & Kalin, N. H. (2007). Neural basis of emotions regulation in nonhuman primates and human. In J. J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation. New York, NY: Guilford.

Deacon, T. W. (1997). The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain [La Specie Simbolica. Coevoluzione di linguaggio e cervello]. New York, NY: Norton.

Deacon, T. W. (2012). Incomplete Nature: How Mind Emerged from Matter [Natura Incpmpleta. Come la mente è emersa dalla materia]. New York, NY: Norton.

Denton, D. (2005). Les émotions primordiales et l’éveil de la conscience [Le emozioni primordiali. Gli albori della coscienza]. Paris, France: Flammarion.

De Pascale, A. (2011). Evolution, emotion, language and conscience in the postrationalist psychotherapy. Riv Psichiatr, 46(5-6), 273-80.

De Pascale, A. (2014a). New epistemological foundations for cultural psychology: from an atomistic to a selforganizing view of living systems. Ann Ist SuperSanità, 50(3),268-77.

De Pascale A. (2014b). La prospettiva del cognitivismo costruttivista sistemico e post-razionalista nella psicoterapia, In A. Quiñones, P. Cimbolli, & A. De Pascale (Eds.), La psicoterapia dei processi di significato personale dei disturbi psicopatologici (pp.3-24). Roma, Italy: Alpes.

De Pascale, A., & Cimbolli, P. (2014). Disturbi delle condotte alimentari. L’approccio del cognitivismo sistemico post-razionalista. Roma, Italy: Alpes.

De Pascale, A., Cimbolli, P., Quiñones, Á., & Ugarte, C. (2015). The Post-Rationalist Approach to Psychopathology: Only a Model for Psychotherapy or an Epistemological Foundation for a Cultural Psychology? Presented paper at Symposium: The Cognitive Systemic Post-Rationalist Model from Theory to Clinical Research: A Road for a Cultural Psychology. 45th Annual EABCT Congress, Jerusalem.

De Pascale, A, & Maiello, L. (2010). “Subjective time” as diagnostic marker in cognitive-systems oriented psychotherapy. Riv Psichiatr, 45(1), 17-21.

De Pascale, A., Quiñones, A., & Cimbolli, P. (2016). Post-rationalist psychotherapy academy today: research and clinical practice. Riv Psichiatr, 51(1), 2-10.

Feinberg, T. E. (2009). From axon to dentity. Neurological explora- tions of the nature of the Self. New York, NY: Norton

Fonagy P., & Bateman, A. W. (2006). Mechanisms of change in mentalization-based treatment of BPD. Journal of Clinical Psychology 62(4), 411-430.

Fonagy, P., Gergely, G., Jurist, E. L., & Target, M. (2004). Affect regulation, mentalization and the development of the Self [Regolazione affettiva, mentalizzazione e sviluppo del Sé]. London, United Kingdom: Karnac Book.

Greenberg, L. S. (2007). A guide to conducting a task analysis of psychotherapeutic change. Psychotherapy Research, 17(1), 15-30.

Guidano, V. F. (1987). Complexity of the Self. A developmental approach to psychopathology and therapy [La complessità del Sé]. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Guidano, V. F. (1991). The Self in Process. Toward a post-rationalist cognitive therapy [Il Sé nel suo divenire]. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Guidano, V. F. (1993). A constructivist outline of human knowing processes. In M. Mahoney (Ed.), Cognitive and constructive psychotherapies. Theory, research and practice (pp. 89-102). New York, NY: Springer.

Guidano, V. F. (2001). El Modelo Cognitivo Postracionalista. Hacia una reconceptualización teórica y clínica (A. Quiñones, trad.). Bilbao, Spain: Desclée de Brouwer.

Hill, C. E, & Lambert, M. J. (2004). Methodological issues in studying psychotherapy: Process and outcome. In M. J. Lambert (Ed.), Bergin and Garfield’s handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change (pp. 84-135). New York, NY: Wiley.

Mahoney, M. (1993). Theoretical developments in the cognitive and constructive psychotherapies. In M. Mahoney (Ed.), Cognitive and costructivisme psychotherapies. Theory, research and practise (pp. 3-19). New York, NY: Springer.

Maturana, H., & Dávila, X. (2006). Emozioni e linguaggio in educazione e politica. Milano, Italy: Elèuthera.

Maturana, H., & Varela, F. J. (1980). Autopoiesis and cognition. The realization of the living [Autopoiesi e cognizione. La realizzazione del vivente]. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel.

Maturana, H., & Varela, F. J. (1987). The tree of knowledge. The biologi- cal roots of human understanding [L’albero della Conoscenza]. Boston, MA: Shambhala.

Nelson, K. (1989). Narratives from the crib. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Nestler, E., & Hyman, S. (2010). Animal models of neuropsychiatric disorders. Nat Neurosci, 13(10), 1161-1169.

Novak, M. A., & Suomi, S. J. (1991). Social interaction in nonhuman primates: an underlying theme for primate research. Lab Anim Sci, 41(4), 308-314.

Panksepp, J. (1998). Affective neuroscience. The foundations of hu-man and animal emotions (Series in Affective Science). New York, NY: Oxford.

Panksepp, J., & Biven, L. (2012). The Archaeology of Mind, Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotions [Archeologia della mente. Origini neuroevolutive delle emozioni umane]. New York, NY: Norton.

Panksepp J, Moskal, J. R., Panksepp, J. B., & Kroes, R. A. (2002). Comparative approaches in evolutionary psychology: molecular neuroscience meets the mind. Neuro Endocrinol Lett, 23(4), 105-115.

Panksepp, J., & Panksepp, J. B. (2013). Toward a cross-species understanding of empathy. Trends Neurosci, 36(8), 489-496.

Piattelli Palmarini, M. (2008). Le scienze cognitive classiche: un panorama. Torino, Italy: Einaudi.

Popper, K. (1972). Objective knowledge an evolutionary approach [Conoscenza oggetiva]. Oxford, United Kingdom: Claredon.

Quiñones, A. (2014). Un nuovo modello di formulazione dei casi clinici: parte I. In A. Quiñones, A., De Pascale, & P. Cimbolli (Eds.), La Psicoterapia dei Processi di Significato Personale dei disturbi psicopatologici. Manuale Teorico Pratico (pp. 67-109). Roma, Italy: Alpes.

Quiñones, A., De Pascale, A., Ugarte, C., Cimbolli, P., & Ceric F. (2015a, August). Personal Style Therapist (PST6Q) in a Sample of Chilean and Italian Post-Rationalist Psychotherapists: exploratory study. Presented paper at Symposium: The Cognitive Systemic Post-Rationalist Model from Theory to Clinical Research: A Road for a Cultural Psychology. 45th Annual EABCT Congress, Jerusalem.

Quiñones, A., Ceric, F., & Ugarte, C. (2015b). Flujos de información en zonas de tiempo subjetivo: estudio de un proceso psicoterapéutico exitoso. Revista Argentina de Clínica Psicológica, 24(3), 255-266.

Quiñones, A., Cimbolli, P., & De Pascale, A. (2014). La psicoterapia dei processi di significato personale dei disturbi psicopatologici. Roma, Italy: Alpes.

Quiñones, Á., Melipillán, R., & Ugarte, C. (2012). Indicadores de procesos de éxito en psicoterapia cognitiva. Revista Argentina de Clínica Psicológica, 21(3), 247-254.

Quiñones, A., & Ugarte C. (2015). Flujos de Información en Zonas de Tiempo Subjetivo: Estudio de un proceso terapéutico éxitoso. Revista Argentina de Clínica Psicológica, 24(3), 255-266.

Searle, J. R. (2002). Consciousness and Language. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge.

Solé, R., & Goodwin, B. (2000). Signs of Life. How Complexity Pervades Biology. New York, NY: Basic Books.

van der Worp, H. B, Howells, D. W., Sena, E. S., Porritt, M. J., Rewell, S., O’Collins, & Macleod, M. R. (2010). Can animal models of disease reliably inform human studies? PLoS Med, 30. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000245

Varela, F. (1979). Principles of biological autonomy. New York, NY: North Holland.

Young, K. A, Liu, Y., & Wang, Z. (2008). The neurobiology of social attachment: A comparative approach to behavioral, neu roanatomical, and neurochemical studies. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol, 148(4), 401-10.

Publicado
2019-03-01
Cómo citar
De Pascale, A. (2019). “Validity” of Vittorio Guidano in the psychotherapy of the twenty-first century. Revista De Psicoterapia, 30(112), 91-102. https://doi.org/10.33898/rdp.v30i112.284
Sección
Open Access: Artículos de monográfico